British archaeologists are sensational excavations at Stonehenge
Archaeologists know that this ancient monument was built in several stages between 3000 BC to 1600 BC, But why? Disputes are very long, and consensus scientists have not yet reached (frame BBC).
Professor Tim Darvill (Tim Darvill) from the University of Bournemouth (Bournemouth University ) and Jeff Wainwright (Geoff Wainwright), President of the society of antiquaries of London (Society of Antiquaries of London ), headed the archaeological expedition, which for the first time in nearly 50 years began to excavate directly under the Stonehenge (Stonehenge ). Scientists intend to shed light on the purpose of the construction of this mysterious structure.
Excavations conducted on the means and under the auspices of the BBC. moreover, the broadcasting company launched a special project Timewatch. in which intends to highlight the progress of the work.
Darvill and Wainwright, the renowned experts on Stonehenge, I want to answer, finally, to the question: “Why was it built?” Strictly speaking, different answers were given multiple times during one hundred years. Perhaps new finds in deep layers of the soil directly in the building will dot the i’s.
Especially scientists interestgroup stones in the Central circle. It is they, not giant Sarsenova blocks (Sandstone) represent the main “content” in unusual places, I suppose two British professors.
Neolithic people dragged the boulders over 250 kilometers from the Preseli hills in Wales to the Salisbury plain in Wiltshire. For such a heavy (stone age) transport operations would have to be a good reason.
Darvill (top), Wainwright and one of the new finds (BBC footage).
Darvill and Wainwright, analyzing both the structure itself and numerous bones found at this place, put forward the hypothesis that Stonehenge was a place of “magical healing”.
“In the remains of the skeletons that were dug up around Stonehenge, an amazing and unnatural concentration of injuries, says Darvill. It was a place of pilgrimage for people hungry for healing.”
Thus, large structures were for the sick and wounded last hope for a miracle. And then the British give an example of similar behavior of people in a much later century. Wainwright called the Stonehenge Neolithic Lourdes (Lourdes ). Recall, this city in the South of France is a prominent centre of Catholic pilgrimage.
In the view of the builders of Neolithic blue stones had healing powers, they are “absorbed” from traditional medicinal sources for their initial position.
Now scientists intend to extract organic material from the holes under the stones, to clarify the time of their appearance in the composition of the complex. But it is clear that a huge “fence” of 25-ton Sandstone blocks brought from the quarry “only” 20 kilometers from the place of erection of Stonehenge, appeared considerably later than the “blue circle”.
And while in the different layers under the structure the researchers have already found a fragment of pottery, Roman ceramics and ancient stone hammers.
Interestingly, the hypothesis of Darvill and Wainwright goes against another fresh version of destination amazing structures (also nominated by the British). The version that is supported by numerous findings and logical constructions, says that Stonehenge was the “abode of the dead.”
Both of these hypotheses would be associated with known astronomical features of Stonehenge. Although in General it is clear: and burial in “city of the dead”, and a pilgrimage to “the healing place”, and some rituals, perceived in different hypotheses could be conducted in certain astronomical dates, like the winter solstice.
Who built the megalithic monument? There are two versions, supported by findings of teeth builders (1 and 2 ), however, are not mutually exclusive.
Read about how the Ministry of defence saved the badgers from Stonehenge. and how New Zealand built an adjusted copy of Stonehenge.