Archaeologists have discovered the world’s oldest temple – megalithic structure, which scientists have dubbed the “Turkish Stonehenge”. Scientists consider it “the most important building in the world”: a place of worship of ancient people called Göbekli Tepe in South-Eastern Turkey over the famous English Stonehenge by seven thousand years.
The temple of Göbekli Tepe is a circle with a diameter of from 15 to 50 meters, surrounded by rectangular stone walls about 3 feet high. Many of the pillars are carved columns with relief figures of animals. In addition to the bulls, foxes and cranes, the pillars can be distinguished lions, ducks, Scorpions, ants, spiders and snakes. Inside the circles were also found free-standing sculptures of animals. In the last season of excavations, archaeologists discovered a statue of a man and sculpture of the head and neck of a wild boar. Continue reading
Gothic armour – full plate armour, produced in parts of Germany and the Holy Roman Empire during the so-called late middle ages (XV century).
The scheme of the Gothic armour with the names of its individual parts
Such armor was made during the whole XV century and reached its peak in h years when they were considered the best in Europe. Their appearance carried the traits of Gothic architecture and Gothic art. The armor had many sharp forms and graceful lines, moreover, as a rule, this type of armour had shirring and fluting – the so-called stiffeners, which increase the strength of the armor, without it thickening and weighting, unlike Milan. Typically, in Gothic armor was used the sallet with long pointed back piece that protected the back of the neck and head. The bevor protected the chin. In addition to the steel plates of this armor consisted of chain mail elements, fastened to the armour to protect the body on the inside of the joints and crotch.
Armour from the Armoury chamber of the Moscow Kremlin (Gothic Front, rear Maximilian)
Sometimes this type of armor is called the German Gothic and Milanese armour Sovremennaya — Italian Gothic, on the basis that outside of Germany and Italy sometimes mixed Italian and German pieces of armor (especially so often did in England), getting the armor with mixed features. Continue reading