PERSIA. THE ANCIENT CIVILIZATION. Persia is the ancient name of the country in southwest Asia, which since 1935 has been officially called Iran. First used both names, and today the name “Persia” is still used when it comes to Iran.
In ancient times Persia became the center of one of the greatest in the history of Empire, stretching from Egypt to the Indus river. Its membership includes all previous empires – the Egyptians, the Babylonians, the Assyrians and the Hittites. Later the Empire of Alexander the great almost did not include territories that never belonged to the Persians, while it was less than Persia under king Darius.
Since the emergence in the 6th century BC to the conquest by Alexander the great in the 4th century BC for two and a half centuries Persia occupied the dominant position in the Ancient world. Continue reading
Archaeologists have discovered the world’s oldest temple – megalithic structure, which scientists have dubbed the “Turkish Stonehenge”. Scientists consider it “the most important building in the world”: a place of worship of ancient people called Göbekli Tepe in South-Eastern Turkey over the famous English Stonehenge by seven thousand years.
The temple of Göbekli Tepe is a circle with a diameter of from 15 to 50 meters, surrounded by rectangular stone walls about 3 feet high. Many of the pillars are carved columns with relief figures of animals. In addition to the bulls, foxes and cranes, the pillars can be distinguished lions, ducks, Scorpions, ants, spiders and snakes. Inside the circles were also found free-standing sculptures of animals. In the last season of excavations, archaeologists discovered a statue of a man and sculpture of the head and neck of a wild boar. Continue reading
The Nazca Desert
On the plateau one of the driest deserts on the planet. what is in Peru caused a giant intricate drawings. On the area of thousands of square kilometers are depicted with straight lines, the outlines of strange creatures, geometric shapes, left from the ancient civilization of the Nazca Indians. The mystery of the deposited patterns is of the incomprehensibility of their purpose and method of application on surface. For millennia, they managed to remain intact owing to the arid climate. Line you have a good view from a plane or high elevation.
The Fortress Of Sacsayhuaman
This mysterious fortress is located near the Peruvian city of Cusco. She is one of the famous and great monuments of the Incas. Sacsayhuaman is built of massive stone blocks that weigh 40-50 tons. On its construction by the Incas left for at least a century. It is still unknown how the Indians transported is so heavy stones. There is a hypothesis that the Incas helped to build this fortress, the representatives of an alien civilization. Continue reading