The great mosque in djenné is truly the most significant structure of clay. It is the greatest achievement of the Sudano-Sahelian style of architecture, despite some Islamic influence. The mosque is near the river of Bali in the city jenna. In 1988 the building was listed in the UNESCO world Heritage list. In the climate of the Sahara desert, where almost no rain, these buildings could stand for a century. However, in Africa in the area are the rainy seasons, during which the Great mosque is seriously affected.
For the first time the mosque was built on this site in the 13th century. Start of construction of the present mosque is attributed to 1906 and finished in 1907. The construction was led by Ismael Traore. In those days, jenna was colonized by France. And the French have provided economic assistance in the construction of the mosque. Continue reading
At the beginning he let’s define the concept of Gothic. The word is derived from Italian. gotico — unusual, barbaric and at first was used as a profanity. The term “Gothic” was introduced in the era of the Renaissance as pejorative designation total medieval skills, regarded as “barbaric”. Gothic called period in the development of medieval art in Western, Central and Eastern part of Europe from the XII to XV-XVI century. For Gothic typical of symbolic – allegorical thinking and conventionality of the artistic language. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic, the heyday of Late Gothic. Gothic covers almost all works of art of this period: sculpture, painting, portrait miniatures, stained glass, fresco and many others.
The Gothic was not an accident. Continue reading
PERSIA. THE ANCIENT CIVILIZATION. Persia is the ancient name of the country in southwest Asia, which since 1935 has been officially called Iran. First used both names, and today the name “Persia” is still used when it comes to Iran.
In ancient times Persia became the center of one of the greatest in the history of Empire, stretching from Egypt to the Indus river. Its membership includes all previous empires – the Egyptians, the Babylonians, the Assyrians and the Hittites. Later the Empire of Alexander the great almost did not include territories that never belonged to the Persians, while it was less than Persia under king Darius.
Since the emergence in the 6th century BC to the conquest by Alexander the great in the 4th century BC for two and a half centuries Persia occupied the dominant position in the Ancient world. Continue reading