With the construction of the bridge was associated with the appearance of the new town, which was destined subsequently to become one of the largest in Siberia. Day of laying the first stone of the railway bridge across the Ob river — July 20, 1893 is the date of birth of Novosibirsk.
It should be noted that bridges the TRANS-Siberian railway for its time were the largest facilities of its kind in Russia. For example, the famous bridge over the Yenisei, constructed under the project of L. Proskuryakova in 1898, has long been one of the biggest in the world in the simple span girder bridges (6 spans of 144 m. the Model of the bridge was awarded the gold medal at the Paris exhibition of 1900). The bridge across the Amur river (1915 project by the same author) had a unique length of 2.6 km Access road with the overpass it in 6 spans of 33m (the project of the famous Russian engineer, Professor G. P. Perederiy) was constructed from the latest structural material — concrete. Continue reading
At the beginning he let’s define the concept of Gothic. The word is derived from Italian. gotico — unusual, barbaric and at first was used as a profanity. The term “Gothic” was introduced in the era of the Renaissance as pejorative designation total medieval skills, regarded as “barbaric”. Gothic called period in the development of medieval art in Western, Central and Eastern part of Europe from the XII to XV-XVI century. For Gothic typical of symbolic – allegorical thinking and conventionality of the artistic language. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic, the heyday of Late Gothic. Gothic covers almost all works of art of this period: sculpture, painting, portrait miniatures, stained glass, fresco and many others.
The Gothic was not an accident. Continue reading
In a sense, the theatre in the Renaissance reached its peak, having mastered almost all possible genres, types and directions. Then have formed two main types of organization of the theatres. If to use modern terminology, they can be defined as a repertory theatre (when more or less stable company of actors put on plays based on the works of various playwrights) and entreprise (when under a certain theatre project specially going different experts — this comes from the productions of the mysteries).
Art of the Western middle ages, XII-XV centuries.
Christianity, which replaced barbarism, brought an enormous transformation. But the attitude of the man changed. If the antiquity has advanced human form, but now man is the source of sin. There is a feeling of uncertainty, fear of the inevitable judgment. The Church became the center of culture. Continue reading