The Gothic style mainly manifested in the architecture of temples, cathedrals, churches, monasteries. Developed on the basis of the Romanesque, or rather Burgundian architecture. Unlike the Romanesque style with its round arches, massive walls and small Windows, typical of Gothic arches with a pointed top, a narrow and high towers and columns, the richly decorated facade with carved details (winery, tympanum, archivolt) and multicolor stained glass Lancet Windows. All the style elements that emphasize the vertical.
In Gothic architecture distinguish 3 stages of development: early, Mature (high Gothic), and late.
The Church of the monastery of Saint-Denis , designed by Abbot Suger, is considered the first Gothic architectural structure. In its construction were removed many pillars and interior walls, and the Church has become more graceful look compared to Romanesque “fortress of God”. As a sample, in most cases, took the chapel of Sainte-Chapelle in Paris.
From Ile-de-France (France) Gothic architectural style spread in Western, Central, and southern Europe — in Germany, England, etc. In Italy he reigned long, and, as a “barbaric style” quickly gave way to the Renaissance; and since he came here from Germany, it is still called “stile tedesco” — German style. Continue reading
Don found the oldest crystal oscillator
A sensational find was made by local historian Alexander Ludlow. Near the hamlet Savrov in the area of the Aksay river valley he found the huge stones, which scientists call the megaliths. In the European part Russia happens for the first time. Earlier megalithic structures on the territory of our country were found only in areas of Siberia and the Caucasus.
About valley of rocks local historian said the workers who repaired farm near the electric substation.
– I went to local residents, – says Alexander Ludlow and the first farmer said, “Looking for big stones? How much you need, so be it!”
The villagers believe the valley of stones a bad place at all times people tried to settle away from her, but hold back the expedition refused. Continue reading