At the beginning he let’s define the concept of Gothic. The word is derived from Italian. gotico — unusual, barbaric and at first was used as a profanity. The term “Gothic” was introduced in the era of the Renaissance as pejorative designation total medieval skills, regarded as “barbaric”. Gothic called period in the development of medieval art in Western, Central and Eastern part of Europe from the XII to XV-XVI century. For Gothic typical of symbolic – allegorical thinking and conventionality of the artistic language. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic, the heyday of Late Gothic. Gothic covers almost all works of art of this period: sculpture, painting, portrait miniatures, stained glass, fresco and many others.
The Gothic was not an accident. Continue reading
Gothic armour – full plate armour, produced in parts of Germany and the Holy Roman Empire during the so-called late middle ages (XV century).
The scheme of the Gothic armour with the names of its individual parts
Such armor was made during the whole XV century and reached its peak in h years when they were considered the best in Europe. Their appearance carried the traits of Gothic architecture and Gothic art. The armor had many sharp forms and graceful lines, moreover, as a rule, this type of armour had shirring and fluting – the so-called stiffeners, which increase the strength of the armor, without it thickening and weighting, unlike Milan. Typically, in Gothic armor was used the sallet with long pointed back piece that protected the back of the neck and head. The bevor protected the chin. In addition to the steel plates of this armor consisted of chain mail elements, fastened to the armour to protect the body on the inside of the joints and crotch.
Armour from the Armoury chamber of the Moscow Kremlin (Gothic Front, rear Maximilian)
Sometimes this type of armor is called the German Gothic and Milanese armour Sovremennaya — Italian Gothic, on the basis that outside of Germany and Italy sometimes mixed Italian and German pieces of armor (especially so often did in England), getting the armor with mixed features. Continue reading
In a sense, the theatre in the Renaissance reached its peak, having mastered almost all possible genres, types and directions. Then have formed two main types of organization of the theatres. If to use modern terminology, they can be defined as a repertory theatre (when more or less stable company of actors put on plays based on the works of various playwrights) and entreprise (when under a certain theatre project specially going different experts — this comes from the productions of the mysteries).
Art of the Western middle ages, XII-XV centuries.
Christianity, which replaced barbarism, brought an enormous transformation. But the attitude of the man changed. If the antiquity has advanced human form, but now man is the source of sin. There is a feeling of uncertainty, fear of the inevitable judgment. The Church became the center of culture. Continue reading