At the beginning he let’s define the concept of Gothic. The word is derived from Italian. gotico — unusual, barbaric and at first was used as a profanity. The term “Gothic” was introduced in the era of the Renaissance as pejorative designation total medieval skills, regarded as “barbaric”. Gothic called period in the development of medieval art in Western, Central and Eastern part of Europe from the XII to XV-XVI century. For Gothic typical of symbolic – allegorical thinking and conventionality of the artistic language. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic, the heyday of Late Gothic. Gothic covers almost all works of art of this period: sculpture, painting, portrait miniatures, stained glass, fresco and many others.
The Gothic was not an accident. Continue reading
PERSIA. THE ANCIENT CIVILIZATION. Persia is the ancient name of the country in southwest Asia, which since 1935 has been officially called Iran. First used both names, and today the name “Persia” is still used when it comes to Iran.
In ancient times Persia became the center of one of the greatest in the history of Empire, stretching from Egypt to the Indus river. Its membership includes all previous empires – the Egyptians, the Babylonians, the Assyrians and the Hittites. Later the Empire of Alexander the great almost did not include territories that never belonged to the Persians, while it was less than Persia under king Darius.
Since the emergence in the 6th century BC to the conquest by Alexander the great in the 4th century BC for two and a half centuries Persia occupied the dominant position in the Ancient world. Continue reading
Archaeologists have discovered the world’s oldest temple – megalithic structure, which scientists have dubbed the “Turkish Stonehenge”. Scientists consider it “the most important building in the world”: a place of worship of ancient people called Göbekli Tepe in South-Eastern Turkey over the famous English Stonehenge by seven thousand years.
The temple of Göbekli Tepe is a circle with a diameter of from 15 to 50 meters, surrounded by rectangular stone walls about 3 feet high. Many of the pillars are carved columns with relief figures of animals. In addition to the bulls, foxes and cranes, the pillars can be distinguished lions, ducks, Scorpions, ants, spiders and snakes. Inside the circles were also found free-standing sculptures of animals. In the last season of excavations, archaeologists discovered a statue of a man and sculpture of the head and neck of a wild boar. Continue reading