A giant Cathedral, which is located in the heart of old Milan, is one of the most paradoxical constructions of the middle Ages. Its the least can be called Gothic. But despite this, the Milan Cathedral is a remarkable and, perhaps, the best example of Italian Gothic!
Milan Cathedral is often called the “eighth wonder of the world”, and for this there is reason. The Cathedral is the world’s largest structure made of marble. Its length is 158 m, width – 58 m, height of Central nave – 46,8 m. the Total area of the temple is 11.3 thousand sq. m. With its height in good weather one can see the peaks of the Alps.
In terms of the Duomo repeats the Gothic building in Germany. But the German plan is combined in it with the Lombard (North Italian) façade, which is a lots of marble. Despite the Gothic appearance and huge size, the Duomo is different from other Gothic cathedrals a certain earthiness that you can’t hide the many adorning its towers, turrets and spires. Continue reading
At the beginning he let’s define the concept of Gothic. The word is derived from Italian. gotico — unusual, barbaric and at first was used as a profanity. The term “Gothic” was introduced in the era of the Renaissance as pejorative designation total medieval skills, regarded as “barbaric”. Gothic called period in the development of medieval art in Western, Central and Eastern part of Europe from the XII to XV-XVI century. For Gothic typical of symbolic – allegorical thinking and conventionality of the artistic language. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic, the heyday of Late Gothic. Gothic covers almost all works of art of this period: sculpture, painting, portrait miniatures, stained glass, fresco and many others.
The Gothic was not an accident. Continue reading
Archaeologists have discovered the world’s oldest temple – megalithic structure, which scientists have dubbed the “Turkish Stonehenge”. Scientists consider it “the most important building in the world”: a place of worship of ancient people called Göbekli Tepe in South-Eastern Turkey over the famous English Stonehenge by seven thousand years.
The temple of Göbekli Tepe is a circle with a diameter of from 15 to 50 meters, surrounded by rectangular stone walls about 3 feet high. Many of the pillars are carved columns with relief figures of animals. In addition to the bulls, foxes and cranes, the pillars can be distinguished lions, ducks, Scorpions, ants, spiders and snakes. Inside the circles were also found free-standing sculptures of animals. In the last season of excavations, archaeologists discovered a statue of a man and sculpture of the head and neck of a wild boar. Continue reading