A giant Cathedral, which is located in the heart of old Milan, is one of the most paradoxical constructions of the middle Ages. Its the least can be called Gothic. But despite this, the Milan Cathedral is a remarkable and, perhaps, the best example of Italian Gothic!
Milan Cathedral is often called the “eighth wonder of the world”, and for this there is reason. The Cathedral is the world’s largest structure made of marble. Its length is 158 m, width – 58 m, height of Central nave – 46,8 m. the Total area of the temple is 11.3 thousand sq. m. With its height in good weather one can see the peaks of the Alps.
In terms of the Duomo repeats the Gothic building in Germany. But the German plan is combined in it with the Lombard (North Italian) façade, which is a lots of marble. Despite the Gothic appearance and huge size, the Duomo is different from other Gothic cathedrals a certain earthiness that you can’t hide the many adorning its towers, turrets and spires. Continue reading
At the beginning he let’s define the concept of Gothic. The word is derived from Italian. gotico — unusual, barbaric and at first was used as a profanity. The term “Gothic” was introduced in the era of the Renaissance as pejorative designation total medieval skills, regarded as “barbaric”. Gothic called period in the development of medieval art in Western, Central and Eastern part of Europe from the XII to XV-XVI century. For Gothic typical of symbolic – allegorical thinking and conventionality of the artistic language. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic, the heyday of Late Gothic. Gothic covers almost all works of art of this period: sculpture, painting, portrait miniatures, stained glass, fresco and many others.
The Gothic was not an accident. Continue reading
The Gothic style mainly manifested in the architecture of temples, cathedrals, churches, monasteries. Developed on the basis of the Romanesque, or rather Burgundian architecture. Unlike the Romanesque style with its round arches, massive walls and small Windows, typical of Gothic arches with a pointed top, a narrow and high towers and columns, the richly decorated facade with carved details (winery, tympanum, archivolt) and multicolor stained glass Lancet Windows. All the style elements that emphasize the vertical.
In Gothic architecture distinguish 3 stages of development: early, Mature (high Gothic), and late.
The Church of the monastery of Saint-Denis , designed by Abbot Suger, is considered the first Gothic architectural structure. In its construction were removed many pillars and interior walls, and the Church has become more graceful look compared to Romanesque “fortress of God”. As a sample, in most cases, took the chapel of Sainte-Chapelle in Paris.
From Ile-de-France (France) Gothic architectural style spread in Western, Central, and southern Europe — in Germany, England, etc. In Italy he reigned long, and, as a “barbaric style” quickly gave way to the Renaissance; and since he came here from Germany, it is still called “stile tedesco” — German style. Continue reading