The term “megalith” is not exhaustive, encompasses a very broad, vague and heterogeneous range of structures. Without going into details, the megalith – stone construction of a controversial appointment, as a rule, large size and built with the use of uncertain technology. From the period of construction to our days not got any written evidence, which, coupled with the destructive effects of water, wind, temperature and people makes the study of megaliths very difficult.
Megaliths geography is very wide: they are in Europe . in Asia . in Africa . in North America . in South America … not only in Australia . at least, not yet found. Of course, they are not found in Antarctica . but it is possible that the ice, depending on the area they acquired their own characteristics that are even allowed to split them into culture (Caucasian, South European, British, Indian, and other).
All the megaliths can be classified by design type. Continue reading
PERSIA. THE ANCIENT CIVILIZATION. Persia is the ancient name of the country in southwest Asia, which since 1935 has been officially called Iran. First used both names, and today the name “Persia” is still used when it comes to Iran.
In ancient times Persia became the center of one of the greatest in the history of Empire, stretching from Egypt to the Indus river. Its membership includes all previous empires – the Egyptians, the Babylonians, the Assyrians and the Hittites. Later the Empire of Alexander the great almost did not include territories that never belonged to the Persians, while it was less than Persia under king Darius.
Since the emergence in the 6th century BC to the conquest by Alexander the great in the 4th century BC for two and a half centuries Persia occupied the dominant position in the Ancient world. Continue reading
Gothic armour – full plate armour, produced in parts of Germany and the Holy Roman Empire during the so-called late middle ages (XV century).
The scheme of the Gothic armour with the names of its individual parts
Such armor was made during the whole XV century and reached its peak in h years when they were considered the best in Europe. Their appearance carried the traits of Gothic architecture and Gothic art. The armor had many sharp forms and graceful lines, moreover, as a rule, this type of armour had shirring and fluting – the so-called stiffeners, which increase the strength of the armor, without it thickening and weighting, unlike Milan. Typically, in Gothic armor was used the sallet with long pointed back piece that protected the back of the neck and head. The bevor protected the chin. In addition to the steel plates of this armor consisted of chain mail elements, fastened to the armour to protect the body on the inside of the joints and crotch.
Armour from the Armoury chamber of the Moscow Kremlin (Gothic Front, rear Maximilian)
Sometimes this type of armor is called the German Gothic and Milanese armour Sovremennaya — Italian Gothic, on the basis that outside of Germany and Italy sometimes mixed Italian and German pieces of armor (especially so often did in England), getting the armor with mixed features. Continue reading