The great mosque in djenné is a Grand building with clay!
The great mosque in djenné is truly the most significant structure of clay. It is the greatest achievement of the Sudano-Sahelian style of architecture, despite some Islamic influence. The mosque is near the river of Bali in the city jenna. In 1988 the building was listed in the UNESCO world Heritage list. In the climate of the Sahara desert, where almost no rain, these buildings could stand for a century. However, in Africa in the area are the rainy seasons, during which the Great mosque is seriously affected.
For the first time the mosque was built on this site in the 13th century. Start of construction of the present mosque is attributed to 1906 and finished in 1907. The construction was led by Ismael Traore. In those days, jenna was colonized by France. And the French have provided economic assistance in the construction of the mosque.
It is reported that sometimes local authorities tried to modernize the building and even covered the roof with shingles that threatened the destruction of the building and broke the historical construction of the mosque. The parishioners also resisted any modernization.
The structure of the building of the great mosque in djenné
The walls of the mosque built of mud bricks, bonded with cement and clay, daubed with clay emulsion,to form a relatively smooth even surface. From the roof to disperse water pipes ceramic.
The Great mosque occupies an area of 75×75 m2. Set it on a pedestal, raised on 3 feet. Around the Playground there are six staircases with decorations in the form of columns. There is the main entrance (from the North).
The walls are not quite perpendicular, the resulting structure is not a rectangle, but a shape more similar to a trapezoid. Near the mosque there is a big market.
The entrance to the Great mosque in djenné is allowed only to Muslims. From the East is the prayer wall of the mosque — Qibla. There are also three high towers — minarets, built into the wall of the great mosque. At the ends of the finials columns are ostrich eggs.
In the walls of the great mosque can be seen sticking out of the beams of the trunks of the palm trees. This was done to ensure that sudden changes in day and night temperatures and tropical rains with their strong humidity not so strongly influenced by the building and not destroy it. In addition, during the renovation works, these projections are used as forests.
The prayer hall is located in the Eastern part of the mosque. Its area is 26×50 m2. The roof is also made of clay, and its frame from the trunks of palm trees. Support the roof by nine interior walls, large arches which slotted passages. In the walls of the great mosque there is a small window placed on the North and South sides. Resulting in a sword has a bit of natural light. Earthen floor in the mosque. Imam proclaims daily prayer with the great Central tower. In a modern mosque loudspeakers were added, electricity.
Every year in the area of the mosque is poured into the Niger river. Three-meter elevation makes the main building from the water.